01 Nov 2019

Diabetes is a serious complex condition affecting the whole body. It requires daily self care to prevent complications that can have a significant impact on quality of life. Anyone can develop diabetes but a family history of diabetes and certain ethnic groups are more susceptible. When someone has diabetes their bodies are unable to maintain a healthy level of glucose (sugar) in the blood.

Insulin is a hormone essential for the conversion of glucose into energy our bodies can use. Someone with diabetes either no longer produce insulin  or produce insufficient amounts of insulin resulting in high levels of glucose in the blood which can result in long and short term health complications.

There are 3 main types of diabetes:

Type 1 – an auto immune condition in which the insulin producing cells in the pancreas are destroyed. The symptoms are often sudden and life threatening.

Type 2 – accounts for 85% of all diabetes, is due to insufficient production of insulin, and is one of the major consequences of obesity. It is progressive often with no symptoms or symptoms go unnoticed and seen as part of aging.

Gestational Diabetes – occurs during pregnancy and most women no longer have diabetes after the baby is born. Having gestational diabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Diabetes can be managed well but the potential for complications are the same for whatever type you might have. These complications include:

  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Kidney disease
  • Limb amputation
  • Depression and anxiety

Common symptoms include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Lethargy and tiredness
  • Slow healing cuts
  • Skin infections and itching
  • Mood swings
  • Blurred vision, headaches, dizziness
  • Leg cramps
  • Unexplained weight loss (type 1)
  • Gradual increased weight (type 2)

How can diabetes affect my feet?

Diabetes can cause problems in the feet including reduced blood flow and nerve damage. Poor blood flow to the feet can cause impaired healing of wounds, infection and ulceration. Peripheral neuropathy, nerve damage, is irreversible and often affects the sensory nerve pathways leading to loss of feeling and altered sensation in the feet. Complications of peripheral neuropathy include wounds, blisters, heavy callous formation due to pressure and friction, infection and ulceration. The major complication of infection and ulceration is amputation. In rare cases peripheral neuropathy can cause changes in foot shape such as Charcot’s foot. A Charcot foot generally starts with redness, warmth and swelling over the mid tarsal joints that later leads to breaking or shifting of the bones to cause an odd ‘rocker bottom’ shape.

What can I do to keep my feet healthy?

  • Check feet daily; both plantar and dorsal surfaces for signs of blistering, wounds and changes in colour and temperature
  • Wash and dry feet thoroughly daily
  • Trim nails straight across and file any sharp edges
  • Protect your feet from hot and cold by wearing good fitting socks and shoes
  • Keep blood flowing to the feet with movement and exercise
  • Most importantly have regular foot checks with a podiatrist

When you visit us here at Sure Step Podiatry we take a thorough history of your complaint and medical details. We then do a full assessment including vascular, neurological and biomechanical screening. The results of this assessment allows us to provide you with appropriate treatment and referral to other professionals if necessary.

Contact Us Today

What Our Clients Say

Great service! Professional, friendly and caring.
Imaken Images
Imaken Images
07:42 09 Sep 20
Anna, Karin and Brigid are all lovely. They spend the time to listen and address any concerns. They will give you the most accurate factual information and also have access to new diagnostic equipment making your visit more pleasant and comfortable with out having to refer you to another service. They accommodate late afternoon appointments for those after school or work appointments and emergency appointments for those in pain or at an extreme health risk. You are able to see Anna, Karin or Brigid at 3 locations on the Mid North Coast. Coffs Harbour, Nambucca and Woolgoolga. Each location is easily accessible with free parking. Hicaps is also available saving you the headache of claiming from your healthfund. 🤗 5 stars from me.
Ashley Mosley
Ashley Mosley
10:14 02 Aug 19
Parking is easily accessible and very close to town anyway. The rooms were nice and fresh, the staff there are lovely and caring. They gave me a very thorough assessment. I would highly recommend them.
Ellen Barry
Ellen Barry
02:07 06 Jul 19
Experienced, professional and caring podiatrists.
Kristen Power
Kristen Power
10:07 20 Jun 19
Susan  Crocetti
Susan Crocetti
22:15 12 Jun 19
Easy parking at the rear, Fresh modern clinics and friendly and helpful staff.Can highly recommend Sure Step
tim james
tim james
11:03 31 May 19